Maharramov Salekh Geydar ogly, Doctor of biological sciences, associate professor, head of sub-department
of zoology, Nakhichevan State University(The Azerbaijani Republic, Nakhichevan Autonomous
Republic, Nakhchivan, Campus), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Helminths are generally treated with chemicals. These agents influence not only helminths, but also the host organism. The aim of the paper is to find out the effectiveness of wormseed and peganum and their mixtures with albena.
Materials and methods. The faeces of experimental and control animals were taken before feeding and the degree of their contamination with palisade worms was identified by the helminthovoscopic method. For two days the first group of sheep was fed with the mixture “wormseed – peganum” every day dosed as 200 g per head. The animals of the second group were fed with a mixture “albena – wormseed” (half a tablet of albena, 200g of wormseed) for one day only. The animals of the third group ate a mixture of “albena – peganum”. The animals belonging to the fourth, control, group did not receive anthelmintics. After the test the experimental and control animals were slaughtered, their digestive systems were dissected, and the effectiveness of the mixtures was defined according to the found eugamic helminths.
Results. The experimental results indicate that intensive effectiveness (IE) of the mixture “wormseed – peganum” against barber’s pole worms, palisade worms and trichocephaloses has reached 85,2, 84,1 and 47,6 % respectively. The IE of the mixture “albena – wormseed” against barber’s pole worms, palisade worms and trichocephaloses is 90,8, 90,5 and 69,2 % respectively. With the animals treated with a mixture of “albena – peganum” the IE against barber’s pole worms reached 91,8 %, against palisade worms – 91,7 %, against trichocephaloses – 72,4 %.
Conclusions. It is chemicals that are usually used as anthelmintic substances. The massive use of anthelmintic plants eliminates environmental pollution with chemicals. Plants have a complex effect on the animal organism and are quickly excreted, so the cumulative properties of plants are limited. The research results show that the mixtures “wormseed – peganum”, “albena – wormseed” and “albena – peganum” have high anthelmintic effectiveness against trichocephaloses in the sheep digestive tract. During the experiment toxicity symptoms were not observed either in the experimental or control animals. This fact demonstrates that both plants and their mixtures with albena can be used against nematodes.
wormseed, peganum, antihelminthic effectiveness, palisade worms, barber’s pole worms, trichocephaloses.
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